- VZV may cause typical dermatomal lesions or disseminated infection. It may also cause encephalitis, which is more common with ophthalmic distribution of facial nerve.
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- Acyclovir, 10 mg/kg IV q8h for 7-14 days, is the recommended therapy. For milder cases, administration of acyclovir (800 mg PO five times a day), famciclovir (500 mg PO tid), or valacyclovir (1 g PO tid) for 1 week is usually effective.